So we’ve learned that we use present tense in what two different circumstances?
Look below for the answers! But you should know this by now 🙂
But what if you want to say what you do NOT do or like or whatever…. How can you make the negative in present tense? Let’s look at two different types of formation: most verbs and with “be”.
Remember our process. Identify the subject and verb and then use your conjugation tables to make sure you add the right ending to the verb. For most verbs, we only add an “s” for the third, person, singular form…which would be “he”, “she”, or “it” (or any substitution for those pronouns – like “Mr. Smith, My mother, or The dog”).
What if someone says, “I like that dog. How about you?” and you are thinking, “No WAY!” How do you say that?
You have to add 2 words: a helping verb “do/does” + “not”. So you could say,
“I do not like that dog!”
So where do you put both the helping verb “do/does” and “not”? Before the verb? After the subject? See how important it is to be able to find the subject and verb in a sentence?
When do we use “do” and “does”? Think about what you already know about when to add an “s” in present tense? If you add an “s” to the helping verb, do you think you need another “s” in the main verb? Look at the example above – what do you think?
Let’s practice now…
Look at this example in the conjugation table for “like” in the negative. Then do the same in your practice examples on the handout in class.
|I do not like________________||We do not like _______________|
|You do not like _____________||You do not like _______________|
|He does not like ______________
She does not like ______________
It does not like _______________
Jose does not like _____________
Maria does not like ____________
The cat does not like ____________
|They do not like _____________
The children do not like _________
Students do not like ____________
Next we’ll practice a few dialogues using negatives… Work in pairs and take turns saying the different dialogues:
Samira: How are you doing?
Maria: I’m OK. How are you?
Samira: I’m great. I really like my new job.
Maria: What do you like about it?
Samira: I like my boss and the hours.
Maria: What don’t you like?
Samira: I do not like the environment. It is too cold. I do not like the food either. The food is too fattening. I also do not like the parking. I do not like to walk that far. But mostly, I like my job.
Maria: That’s great! I am happy for you.
Jose: Hey, have you seen Samira? How is her new job?
Maria: Yes, I saw her. She likes her job a lot.
Jose: What does she like?
Maria: She likes her new boss and the hours she works. She only works from 1:00 until 8:00.
Jose: That’s good. Anything she does not like?
Maria: She does not like the environment. It is too cold. She does not like the food either. It is too fattening. And she does not like the parking. She has to walk too far. But mostly, she likes her job!
How about the verb “be” How do we handle that?
Imagine that you are at a job interview and someone asks you questions about yourself.
Mrs. Shaffer, are you a fast typist? Are you good with computers? Are you happy in your current job?
How could you answer if the the answer was ,”No.”
You do NOT need the helping verb “do” or “does” in this case. You only have to add “not” to the sentence and make sure to use the proper form of “be” to match your subject.
|I am not||We are not|
|You are not||You are not|
|He is not
She is not
It is not
|They are not|
Mrs. Shaffer, are you a fast typist? I am not a fast typist.
Are you good with computers? I am not good with computers.
Are you happy in your current job? I am not happy in my current job.
Is your husband at work today? He is not at work today.
Are your children still in school? My children are not still in school.
Can you answer these questions?
Are you from South Africa?
Are you a perfect speaker of English?
Is Mrs. Shaffer a fast typist?
Is her husband at work?
Are her children still in school?
Turn these sentences into negative statements
I am sad.
You are my friend.
He is 40 years old.
She is married.
It is an old dog.
We are at the grocery store.
You are at work all day.
They are my children.
Mrs. Smith is our neighbor.
Answers to the question at the top of the page….
HANDOUTS FOR THIS LESSONLesson4Handouts2