Lesson #8 Future Tense "going to" form + Choosing between forms

Adapted from: http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplefuture.html

Simple Future – version B  – something you are going to do or predictions of the future

“be + going to + verb”

is/are going to + verb
The girl is going to walk to school next week.
The man is going to eat his dinner later on.
They are going to leave for work at 5:00 pm.
I am going to run to the store tomorrow.
I am going to study English next year.

You try it now

* You (meet)                                                     Jane tonight

* He (visit)                                                         his mother next week.

* She (travel)                                                    to Hawaii next year.

* 027 (be)                                                          an interesting class.

Change these into future tense using “be + going to + verb” form

1. He is the president.

2. I go on vacation next week.

3. She is a nurse.

4. They exercise to lose weight.

Fix the errors

1. We is going to visit you next week.

2. They are going to walking after work.

3. She is go to working tonight.

4. The police are going to watches for the thief.

5. He is going swim in the ocean.

When do you use “will + verb” and when  “be + going to + verb”?

USE 1) “Be going to” to show something you are going to DO

“Be going to” expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future.

Examples:

* He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii.

* She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii.

* We are going to meet at 6 PM.

* I am going to be an actor when I grow up.

* Michelle is going to begin medical school next year.

* They are going to drive all the way to Alaska.

* Sue is going to make John’s birthday cake.

Write 5 sentences describing something you are planning to do in the future.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

USE 2) “be going to” to express a prediction (something that is going to happen) [“will” can also be used]

Both “will” and “be going to” can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future.

Examples:

*The year 2012 is going to be a very interesting year.

* John Smith is going to be the next President.

* The movie “Titanic” is going to win several Academy Awards.

Write 5 sentences making a prediction about your life in the future (what do you think you’ll be doing in 5 years?)

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

USE 3) “Will” to express a voluntary action (something you do FOR someone)

“Will” often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else. Often, we use “will” to respond to someone else’s complaint or request for help. We also use “will” when we request that someone help us or volunteer to do something for us. Similarly, we use “will not” or “won’t” when we refuse to voluntarily do something.

Examples:

* I will send you the information when I get it.

* I will translate the email, so Mr. Smith can read it.

* Will you help me move this heavy table?

* Will you make dinner?

* I will not do your homework for you.

* I won’t do all the housework myself!

* A: I am really hungry.

B: I will make some sandwiches.

* A: I am so tired. I’m about to fall asleep.

B: I will get you some coffee.

* A: The phone is ringing.

B:  I will get it.

Write 5 sentences describing 5 things you will do for someone next week.
Example – Next week, I will shop for my mom.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

USE 4) “Will” to express a promise

Examples:

* I will call you when I arrive

* If I am elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance.

* I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.

* Don’t worry, I will be careful.

* I will not tell anyone your secret.

Write 5 sentences to describe a promise you’ll make to a friend.

Example: I will pick you up at the airport.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Practice – “will” or “be going to”

First you have to decide…

1) Is this something you are going to do for someone or a promise (use will + verb)

2) is this a plan (something you are planning to do), or a prediction ( use be + going to + verb)

2. A: I’m about to fall asleep. I need to wake up!
B: I (get)                                                         you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up.

3. A: I can’t hear the television!
B: I (turn)                                                          it up so you can hear it.

6. Ted: It is so hot in here!
Sarah: I (turn)                                                        on the air-conditioning.

8. After I graduate, I (attend)                                                            medical school and become a doctor.
I have wanted to be a doctor all my life.

9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. It is too small for four people.
B: The man at the desk (help)                                                         you.

10. As soon as the weather improves, we (walk)                                                        down to the beach and go swimming.
2. Susan: We (go)                                                       swimming this weekend. Would you like to come along?
Sam: That sounds great, but I don’t have a bathing suit.
Susan: No problem. I (give)                                                  you one. I have many.
3. Barbara: I (buy)                                                a new car this weekend. I’m a little worried because I don’t know much about cars. I’m afraid the salesman (charge)                                                 too much.

Dave: I know a lot about cars. I (go)                                with you so you are not cheated.

4. Gina: Fred and I (visit)                                           Puerto Rico next summer. Have you ever been there?
Margaret: My family lives in Puerto Rico!!  I (give)                                             you my parents’ phone number. When you get there, just call them and they (give)                                                you a little tour of the town.
ANSWERS

2. A: I’m about to fall asleep. I need to wake up!
B: I will get you a cup of coffee. That will wake you up.

3. A: I can’t hear the television!
B: I will turn it up so you can hear it.

6. Ted: It is so hot in here!
Sarah: I will turn on the air-conditioning.

8. After I graduate, I am going to attend medical school and become a doctor. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life.

9. A: Excuse me, I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. It is too small for four people.
B: The man at the desk will help you.

10. As soon as the weather improves, we are going to walk down to the beach and go swimming.

2. Susan: We  are going to go swimming this weekend. Would you like to come along?
Sam: That sounds great, but I don’t have a bathing suit.
Susan: No problem. I  will give you one. I have many.

3. Barbara: I  am going to buy a new car this weekend, but I’m a little worried because I don’t know much about cars. I’m afraid the salesman is going to charge me too much.
Dave: I know a lot about cars. I will go with you so you are not cheated.

4. Gina: Fred and I are going to visit Puerto Rico next summer. Have you ever been there?
Margaret: My family lives in Puerto Rico! I will give you my parents’ phone number. When you get there, just call them and they will give you a little tour of the town.

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