Lesson #9 Past Tense & Spelling

Past Tense Regular Verbs

Explanation

Use the simple past tense to describe completed past actions or events:

Examples

John walked to the store
Samira worked at Strine Printing in 2008, but she doesn’t work there now.

Look at the examples above – how do you form the past tense?

Exercises – make these into past tense

1. Jerry (clean)                his room yesterday.

2. Jerry and Linda (carry)                   their books to school.

3. Ms. Jones (learn)                      geography 30 years ago.

4. The cat (play)                           on the sofa last night.

5. Milk (spill)                               when the glass fell.

Make 5 more sentences in the past tense, using new verbs from the regular verb list. Don’t repeat verbs.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.
Tell whether the past tense is correct (in form and use) in the following sentences.

1. Yesterday I travel to Washington D.C. 

2. Mr. Johnson cleaned his room before work.

3. They danced at the party tomorrow.

4. Right now Susan cooked her breakfast.

5. Melinda carried her babies to church.

Correct 

Correct

Correct

Correct

Correct

Incorrect 

Incorrect

Incorrect

Incorrect

Incorrect

Circle the subjects and underline the past tense verbs in the next story

John started to dislike his job. He decided to look for different work. He wanted to do something with his hands. He liked art. He remembered a friend who also liked art. He tried to contact him. He carried his resume to his friend. He explained his story. His friend agreed. He offered him a job!

What about spelling changes? See below for work  on spelling changes with past tense and common regular verbs. Can you put them into categories for spelling?

SPELLING RULES OF THE PAST TENSE (regular Verbs) adapted from- http://www.scribd.com/doc/7671143/Spelling-Rules-of-the-Past-Tense

If a regular verb ends with CONSONANT + Y
Change the Y to I before adding ED

carry——carried
copy—–copied
cry—–cried
marry—–married
reply—–replied
study—–studied

If a regular verb ends with CONSONANT+VOWEL+Y
Add ED with no other spelling changes

annoy—–annoyed
enjoy—–enjoyed
play—–played
stay—–stayed
obey—–obeyed

If a regular verb ends with E
Add only D

advise—–advised
agree—–agreed

If a one-syllable verb ends with CONSONANT+VOWEL+CONSONANT
Double the final consonant before adding ED

plan—–planned
rob—–robbed
stop—–stopped
stir—–stirred
zip—–zipped

If a verb with more than one syllable ends with CONSONANT + VOWEL + CONSONANT Double the final consonant before adding ED (only when the last syllable is pronounced more strongly than the others)

prefer—–preferred
regret—–regretted
permit—–permitted

but…

visit—–visited
listen—–listened
develop—–developed
remember—–remembered

Practice with COMMON REGULAR VERBS

Using the spelling rules for regular past tense verbs, put these verbs into the correct categories – then make into past tense correctly

accept
allow
ask
believe
borrow
cancel
carry
change
clean
comb
complain
copy
cough
count
cry
dance
develop
enjoy
explain
fill
finish
fix
learn
listen
live
look
marry
need
open
close
organize
permit
play
prefer
rain
regret
remember
reply
sign
smoke 

 

spell
spill
start
stay
stop
study
succeed
talk
translate
travel
try
turn off
turn on
type
use
visit
wait
want
watch
work
worry
Ends in C+Y Ends in C + V + Y Ends with E 1 syllable
ends CVC
>1 syllable
stress last syllable
ends with CVC
>1 syllable
stress NOT on last syllable
ends with CVC
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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